School -> NIOS

Class 12 Course Content

Course Details

The curriculum in Mathematics has been designed to cater to the specific needs of NIOS learners. The thrust is on the applicational aspects of mathematics and relating learning to the daily life and work situation of the learners. The course is modular in nature with – eight compulsory modules forming the core curriculum and four optional modules out of which the learner is to choose one optional module. An attempt has been made to reduce rigour and abstractness.

The compulsory modules are :

1. Complex Numbers and Quadratic Equations

2. Determinants and Matrices

3. Permutations and Combinations

4. Sequences and Series

5. Trigonometry

6. Coordinate Geometry

7. Differential Calculus

8. Integral Calculus

The optional modules are :

9. Statistics and Probability

10. Vectors and Analytical Solid Geometry

11. Linear Programming

Module No Compulsory Modules Minimum Study Hours Marks
1 Complex Numbers & Quadratic Equations 15 10
2 Determinants & Matrices 15 10
3 Permutations & Combinations 20 08
4 Sequences & Series 20 08
5 Trigonometry 30 08
6 Trigonometry 30 08
7 Differential Calculus 45 17
8 Integral Calculus 45 17
Optional Modules (The learner have to choose any one module)
9 Statistics & Probability OR Vectors & Analytical Solid Geometry OR Linear Programming 20 each 20 each
TOTAL 240 240

Course Details

The syllabus in physics includes two parts-core modules and optional modules. The core modules comprise of the essential concepts and phenomenon of physics, which a student at this level should know. It has eight core modules, which contain predominantly the subject matter of mechanics, electricity, light and other areas of physics representing the minimum knowledge required to progress into the more advanced areas and to develop appreciation for the fact that physics plays a significant role in most situations. The optional modules are on the specific fields and have four modules one each on Astrophysics, Electronics, Photography and Audio-Videography and Medical physics. In the optional modules there is a choice to opt any one of the given four modules.

Module No. Compulsory Modules Minimum Study Hours Marks
1 Motion, force and Energy 45 14
2 Properties of Matter 25 08
3 Heat and Thermodynamics 20 06
4 Electricity and Magnetism 45 14
5 Oscillations and Waves 20 06
6 Optics and Optical Instruments 25 08
7 Atoms and Nuclei 25 07
8 Semiconductors and their Applications 20 07
Total 225 Hours 70

(One Module – 10 Marks Each and 30 hrs.)

Module No. Compulsory Modules Minimum Study Hours Marks
1 Astrophysics 10 30
2 Electronics 10 30
3 Photography and Audio-Videography 10 30
4 Physics in Medical Sciences 10 30
Course Details

Considering the nature of open learning System in NIOS, it has not been found desirable to divide the course into class XI and class XII. The rationale behind the course is that every lesson has a role to play in understanding the holistic view of chemistry. The course also provides optional modules ‘mostly of applied nature’ out of which a student can choose one module according to his/her choice of career. Thus, there are seven core modules and two optional modules. A student appearing for senior secondary examination is expected to offer all the seven core modules, one Module out of two optional modules, and Practicals. All the core and optional modules are listed below:

S.No Module Mark Allotted Study Marks
1 Atom Molecule and Chemical Arithmatics 7 14
2 Atomic Structure and Chemical Bonding 12 33
3 States of Matter 12 18
4 Chemical Energetics 8 23
5 Chemical Dynamics 8 19
6 Chemistry of Elements 10 48
7 Chemistry of Organic Compounds 12 48


S.No Module Mark Allotted Study Marks
1 Environmental Chemistry 15 37
2 Chemistry and Industry
Total 80 240
Course Details

The syllabus contains 8 core modules and 4 optional modules which are as follows:-

S.No Module Marks Allotted
1 Diversity and evolution of life 6
2 Cell, Cell functions and Tissues 10
3 Functional morphology and Life processes in plants 11
4 Functional morphology and Life processes in animals 11
5 Reproduction and Development 10
6 Heredity and Genetics 10 10
7 Population Explosion and Family Planning 4
8 Environmental Biology 8
9 Tools and Techniques in Biology 10
10 Economic Biology 10
11 Health Science 10 8
12 Emerging Areas in Biology, Biochemistry, Biotechnology and Immunobiology 10
Total 80

The core modules are compulsory for all learners. From the list of optional modules, the learner can take any 1 course of his/her choice. Thus, each learner takes 9 modules in all.

Core Modules 70
Optional Modules 10
Practical Examination 20
Grand Total 100